- a "nearby history" * |
LSCHE evolved from a collection of handwritten notes related
to postsecondary learning that was started in 1965 by
Frank Christ, Director of the Loyola University Study
Skills Center. It was subsequently transferred to a keysort
card system, then to a PLATO-based information project,
to a desktop computer program managed by TeaMate software,
to a PIM (InfoSelect), to the present web portal hosted
by a server in the Maricopa County CC District with Dr.
Rick Sheets as its webmaster and Frank Christ as its content
provider and editor.
of May 2010, the LSCHE web portal has grown to over 82 Mb
of mostly text-based Learning Support Center related information
in a collection of more tha 4,100 files in 380 folders. LSCHE's
Home Page lists eight major categories, however, the resource
category alone contains 35 Learning Support Center related
divisions. Many of those Learning Support Center related
divisions contain yet another level of descriptors and
resources. From a map of the United States , there are
more than 1500 links to Learning Support Center sites, which are entered and maintained within this
site, as well as, information on Learning Support Center
related organizations, Learning Support Center related
national and regional conferences, and some best practices
for online support and instruction. Plans for future LSCHE
resources are the inclusion of relevant PowerPoint presentations
and RSS feeds from listservs and news sources.
LSCHE began around 1965 as a collection of professional
reading and conference notes relating to post secondary
learning assistance with a special emphasis on learning
note collection grew and it became difficult to categorize
and retrieve information, notes were transcribed to
the McBee keynote card system. In a few years, the
McBee keynote cards were discontinued by the manufacture
thus limiting the number of notes that could be collected.
the Computer Age. Around
1973, when Christ was an administrator for a California
State University and College PLATO trial, Christ read
an article In the October 1976 issue of Audiovisual Instruction
written by Olson and Magero (1) that described how Rockford
College of Medicine was using PLATO to develop an instructional
resources catalog. Seeing the usefulness of PLATO to develop
and disseminate an information database, Christ developed
a taxonomy for his notes and with the help of Tom Sponheim,
a faculty colleague these notes became LINDEX, a computer
database on PLATO using PLATO's Tutor language.
was described as an online information system relating
to learning skills acquisition and assistance that would
enable educational administrators, counselors, and faculty
to increase their effectiveness and efficiency in helping
students to achieve academic success by giving them the
capability to do the following: 1)locate study skills,
basic skills, and tutorial materials, 2) locate learning
center development, program management, and evaluation
resources, 3) locate learner information, research, and
resources, 4) locate and evaluate learner materials and
programs, 5) locate descriptions, research, and resources
on teaching/learning strategies, 6) locate information
on professional associations, periodicals, conferences,
job opportunities, and bibliographic resources, 7) download
all LINDEX material. Lindex was introduced publicly at
the 1989 CRLA conference in Seattle. A description of
Lindex was written by Bill Broderick in the WCRLA Computer
Technology Newsletter (Vol. 3, No. #, February, 1989).
|Transition to Bulletin Board
dissemination was limited to PLATO only users, this
development demonstrated the power and usefulness
of such a database. Unfortunately in a transfer of
data within the CSU system, the LINDEX tape was destroyed.
However, fortuitously hard copy of the database had
been printed and retained by Christ. Some years later,
in perusing a computer magazine, Christ noted that
a company had developed a multi-user BBS software
(TEAMate) that could be used to create a hierarchical
database similar to what had been developed on PLATO.
The software company was located in Manhattan Beach
just an hour travel from Christ who was at CSU Long
Beach. After seeing the software, Christ purchased
TEAMate and began transferring his information to
it. Unfortunately, TEAMate could only reach a small
and exclusive audience and was a DOS program which
became obsolete with the advent of Windows. When a
software problem developed in TEAMate and Christ contacted
the company for assistance, he was told that the company
would no longer service the software. LINDEX reverted
back to a one person database for learning assistance.
Then came the Internet and with it endless possibilities
to develop a web portal for a wide audience of Learning
Support Center directors, staff, and their institutional
LSCHE/WI on the Internet. During
a conversation in 1996 with Dr. Rick Sheets , then Director
of the Paradise Valley College Learning Assistance Center
and a Co-director of the Winter Institutes for Learning
Assistance professionals, LSCHE/WI was developed as a
cooperative venture between Maricopa County Community
College District and the University Learning Center at
the University of Arizona where Christ was a Visiting
Scholar. Dr. Sheets provided the expertness and resources
as its webmaster to develop the web site and Christ became
its content editor. Christ used InfoSelect, an information
manager software tocollect
and edit prospective LSCHE material and via email and
telephone conferences discussed and sent this information
to Dr. Sheets to be placed on the LSCHE web site. When
program became available in 2002, Christ purchased
it. Using a connection key to the MCCCD server from Dr.
Sheets, Christ was able to add, edit, and delete LSCHE
web page material from his home computer quickly and easily
without affecting the LSCHE design, layout, or code.
2000, LSCHE initiated an annual learning center website
awards program and partnered with NCLCA in 2004 for this
2009, Alan Craig became LSCHE's first associate editor
with responsibility to maintain and add to the current
list of learning center websites. Through his efforts,
the list now numbers 1500 learning centers which includes
centers not only in the USA but also in Australia, Canada,
and New Zealand.
In 2010, Dr. Sheets proposed that CRLA sponsor LSCHE with its own domain. Therefore, with CRLA Board approval, LSCHE moved from the Maricopa Community College
District server to its new
URL: lsche.net. This move to a new add-on domain and server allowed LSCHE
to move from an all text-based web portal to one which includes video, audio, and social media on its website.
In 2012, LSCHE moved from an Add-on domain sponsored by CRLA, to its own primary domain as lsche.net.
LSCHE Recognition and Reviews.
the September/October (2001) issue of The
Technology Source, a peer-reviewed bimonthly
periodical published by the Michigan
Virtual University , LSCHE was its Spotlight
Site of the month.
2003, LSCHE was accepted by CRLA as a public service
exhibitor at its annual conference in Albuquerque.
In 2012, LSCHE was awarded the NCLCA INNOVATIVE USE OF TECHNOLOGY AWARD.
LSCHE has been reviewed in the
following print and online periodicals:
A: (Ranken Technical College), MO) NADE Newsletter. Spring
Fernandez, Ed (University of Texas-Austin.) Technology
Source (University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill)
Horstman, B: (Mesa State College, CO) CRLA Newsletter.
Kelly, S: Research & Teaching in Developmental
Education. Fall, 2001. Palau, S: (Purchase College, NY)
LC Newsletter. March
Sohns, U: (University of Houston, TX) Student Affairs
Journal Online. 4-2-01. http://sajo.org/sohns040201.html
Ward, Teresa. (Butte College, CA) NCLCA Newsletter. Summer
In the context of college reading programs, the term,
"nearby history" appeared on pages 14-16 in
Stahl, N. A. and King, J. R. (2000).
“A History of College Reading, ” a chapter
in Flippo, R. F. and Caverly, D. C.,
Handbook of College Reading and Study Strategy Research.
Mahweh , NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,
Publishers. Pp. 1-33. The term originally appeared
in Kyvig, D. E. and Marty, M. A. (1982).
Nearby history. Nashville, TN: American
Association for State and Local History.
For those who remember and can access the Whole Earth
Catalogs, there is a description and drawing of these
keysort cards in the 1971 edition, page 320, of the keysort
cards used by its editors to collect and manage the catalog
contents. Keysort cards were made of cardboard stock,
about 5" by 8" inches, with a diagonally-cut
corner, so the cards could quickly be aligned before sorting.
Each card face had two parts: a rectangular central area
where one would jot down information, surrounded by an
outer margin with about 80 numbered, punched holes. Each
number is assigned a topic name appropriate and is notched
with a special notching tool to identify it. To use the
keysort cards, you first align the cards, and then insert
a sorting needle into the appropriate numbered hole on
the margin of the cards with that number corresponding
to the information topic. When the needle is lifted, the
cards with the indicated number are separated from the
rest of the cards and the information that is wanted drops
out.surrounded by an outer margin with about 80 numbered,
punched holes. Each number is
assigned a topic name appropriate and is notched with
a special notching tool to identify it. To use the keysort
cards, you first align the cards, and then insert a sorting
needle into the appropriate numbered hole on the margin
of the cards with that number corresponding to the information
topic. When the needle is lifted, the cards with the indicated
number are separated from the rest of the cards and the
information that is wanted drops out.
Olson, D. and Magero, J. (1976). Piggyback onto PLATO.
Audiovisual Instruction, October 1976, pp. 22-23.